약어표 안내

약어 원어 번역
A/DAS Acting Deputy Assistant Secretary
A/S Assistant Secretary
AAAS American Association for the Advancement of Science
ACD Asia Cooperation Dialogue
ADB Asian Development Bank
ADD Agency of Defense Development
ADI Attitude Director Indicator
ADLOMICO Anti-drug Liaison Officials’ Meeting for International Cooperation
ADT Agricultural Development Team
AECA Arms Export Control Act
AEI American Enterprise Institute
AEW&C Airborne Early Warning and Control
AFMC Armed Forces Medical Command
AFP acute flaccid paralysis
AG Australia Group
AGNs Active Galactic Nuclei
AHF anhydrous hydrogen fluoride
AI avian influenza
AIA’s ASEAN Investment Agreements
AIPAC American Israel Public Affairs Committee
AIPT Association for International Practical Training
AKFTA ASEAN-Korea FTA
AKJCCS Alliance Korean Joint Command and Control System
AMAK Asset Management Association of Korea
AMCC Alliance Military Coordination Center
AMCHAM American Chamber of Commerce
AMF Asian Monetary Fund
AMISOM African Union Mission in Somalia
AML/CFT anti-money laundering and counter-terrorist finance
AMR Armistice Maintenance Responsibility
AMRs Armistice Maintenance Responsibilities
AMS Airborne Mission System
ANA Afghan National Army
ANKDO Association of North Korean Defector Organizations
AO Advisory Opinion
AOC Air Operation Committee
AP Associated Press
APC Asia Pacific Community
APCs Armored Personnel Carriers
APDP Asia-Pacific Democracy Partnership
APEC Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation
APHIS Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service
APP American Presence Post
APPC Asia Pacific Peace Committee
APPRI Asia-Pacific Policy Research Institute
APSA Asian and Pacific Security Affairs
AQAP al-Qa’ida in the Arabian Peninsula
AR Agreed Recommendation
ARF ASEAN Regional Forum
ASAT anti-satellite
ASD Assistant Secretary of Defense
ASEAN Association of Southeast Asian Nations
ASEAN 6 original ASEAN members
ASEM Asia-Europe Meeting
ASP Annual Service Practice
ATACMS Army Tactical Missile System
AWACS airborne warning and control system
AWACs Airborne Early Warning and Control Aircraft
AWSS Airborne Warning Surveillance System
AusAID Australian Government Overseas Aid Program
BAI Board of Audit and Inspection
BAMS Broad Area Maritime Surveillance
BAU business as usual
BDA Banco Delta Asia
BENS Business Executives for National Security
BG Balli Group
BGN Board on Geographic Names
BIS Bank for International Settlements
BK Brain Korea
BMD Ballistic Missile Defense
BMSF Bond Market Stabilization Fund
BOG Board of Governors
BPA Busan Port Authority
BPO Business Process Outsourcing
BSE Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy
BSI Business Survey Index
BTL build-to-lease
Blue House Cheong Wa Dae
Blue Sea Chung Hae
BoK Bank of Korea
C3G cyaniding 3-glucoside
C4I Command, Control, Communications, Computer and Intelligence
CA Copyright Act
CABEI Central American Bank for Economic Integration
CANDU-PHWRs Canada Deuterium Uranium pressurized heavy water reactors
CAP Consolidated Appeal Process
CARICOM Caribbean Community and Common Market
CAS Chemical Abstract Service
CASS Chinese Academy of Social Sciences
CBCK Catholic Bishops’ Conference of Korea
CBD Convention on Biological Diversity
CBMs confidence-building measures
CBP Customs and Border Protection
CCAMLR Convention on the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources
CCEJ Citizens’ Coalition for Economic Justice
CCF Chosun Christian Federation
CCG Canadian Coast Guard
CCK Christian Council of Korea
CCO Chinese Customs Office
CCRA Common Criteria Recognition Arrangement
CCRS Credit Counseling and Recovery Service
CCS carbon capture and storage
CCW Convention on (Certain) Conventional Weapons; Convention on Chemical Weapons
CD Community of Democracies; Conference on Disarmament
CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
CDIF Chosun Development and Investment Fund
CDIP Combined Defense Improvement Project
CDM clean development mechanism
CDNK Committee for Democratization of North Korea
CEM Christian Ethics Movement
CEPA Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement
CFC Combined Forces Command
CFC HQ Combined Forces Command Headquarters
CFISS Chinese Foundation for International and Strategic Studies
CFR Council on Foreign Relations
CG Convening Group
CGPCS Contact Group for Piracy off the Coast of Somalia
CGSP Contact Group on Somali Piracy
CHA Cultural Heritage Administration
CHR Commission on Human Rights
CIA Central Intelligence Agency
CICA Conference on Interaction and Confidence-Building Measures in Asia
CICIR China Institute of Contemporary International Relations
CIDC Committee for International Development Cooperation
CIEE Council for International Educational Exchange
CIGNL Contractors International Group on Nuclear Liability
CIQ Customs, Immigration and Quarantine
CIWG Combined Implementation Working Group
CJD Creutzfeldt Jakob Disease
CKEO Council of Korea Employers’ Organizations
CKP Creative Korea Party
CLC International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage
CLI composite leading indicator
CLMV Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, and Vietnam
CM cluster munitions
CMA Chemical Materials Agency
CMI Chiang Mai Initiative
CMIC Combined Military Interrogation Center
CMIM CMI Multilateralization
CNAS Center for a New American Security
CNC computer numerically controlled
CNCA Civilian Nuclear Cooperation Agreement
CNG Compressed Natural Gas
CNKWR Coalition for North Korean Women’s Rights
CO2e carbon dioxide equivalent
COL Colonel
COM communication, oceanographic and meteorological
CONOPS concept of operations
CONPLAN Conceptual Plan
COS Chief of Staff
CP commercial paper
CPC Copyright Protection Center
CPI Consumer Price Index
CPP Chemical Product Policy
CPPA Computer Program Protection Act
CPPCC Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference
CPT Copyright Protection Team
CPVA Chinese People’s Volunteers Army
CRS Command Relations Study; Command Relationships Study
CSA Comprehensive Security Assessment
CSAT College Scholastic Ability Test
CSC Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear Damage
CSDGB Central Special Development Guidance Bureau
CSGDB Central Special Guidance Bureau
CSI Container Security Initiative; consumer survey index
CSIS Center for Strategic and International Studies
CTBT Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty
CTF-151 Combined Task Force 151
CTM Construction and Transportation Ministry
CTR Cooperative Threat Reduction
CTTI Center and Technology Training Institute
CUBS Citizens United for Better Society
CVID Complete, Verifiable, and Irreversible Dismantlement
CVO Chief Veterinary Officer
CWC conduct of Chemical Weapons
CWHR Center for Women’s Human Rights
CYX Congress Youth Exchange
CoESPU Center of Excellence for Stability Police Units
Coast Guard Korean Maritime Police
DAC Development Assistance Committee
DAEWONSU Generalissimo
DAIG Department of the Army Inspector General
DAPA Defense Acquisition Program Administration
DASD Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense
DBM Dead Burned Magnesia
DCB Daedong Credit Bank
DCP Democracy Coalition Project
DCWF Dynamic Christian World Mission Foundation
DDA Doha Development Agenda
DDG Deputy Director General
DDoS Distributed Denial-of-Service
DEA Drug Enforcement Administration
DEFCON Defense Readiness Condition
DERP Drug Expenditure Rationalization Plan
DFM Deputy Foreign Minister
DG Director General
DHS Department of Homeland Security
DHS/CBP DHS Customs and Border Patrol
DHS/ICE Department of Homeland Security, Immigration and Customs Enforcement
DIA Defense Intelligence Agency
DICE Data and Intelligence Collection
DJ Kim Dae-jung
DLP Democratic Labor Party
DM Deputy Minister
DMB digital multimedia broadcasting
DMZ Demilitarized Zone
DNS Day and Night Sight
DNSA Deputy National Security Advisor
DOD Department of Defense
DOL Department of Labor
DOTS Directly Observed Therapy Program, Short-Course
DP Democratic Party
DPJ Democratic Party of Japan
DPM Deputy Prime Minister
DPRK Democratic People’s Republic of Korea
DPT3 Diphtheria-Pertussis-Tetanus-times 3
DR 2020 Defense Reform 2020
DRC Development Research Center
DRIP Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples
DRP Defense Reform Plan
DSC Defense Security Command
DSM-IV Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-IV
DSME Daewoo Shipbuilding & Marine Engineering
DSU Defense Security Unit
DTFCO Deputy TFCO
DTI debt-to-income
DTRA Defense Threat Reduction Agency
DUSD Deputy Under Secretary of Defense
DY Chung Dong-young
Delicious Country Chicken Mattdaero Chondalk
DoDEA Department of Defense Education Activity
Dokdo Liancourt Rocks
EAC Embassy Emergency Action Committee
EAEC East Asia Economic Center
EAI East Asia Institute
EAP East Asia Pacific
EAS East Asia Summit
EASI East Asia Strategic Initiative
EBF Eugene Bell Foundation
EC European Commission
ECC Evacuation Control Center
ECLAC Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean
ECOSOC Economic and Social Council
ECPC Economic Cooperation Promotion Committee
EDBI Export Development Bank of Iran
EDCF Economic Development Cooperation Fund
EECWG Energy and Economic Cooperation Working Group
EEWG Economy and Energy Working Group
EEZ Exclusive Economic Zones
EFTA European Free Trade Association
EIA Environmental Impact Assessment
ELSAC Employment, Labor and Social Affairs Committee
ENVICO Environment and Resources Corporation
EPA Economic Partnership Agreement; Environmental Protection Agency
EPC engineering, procurement, and construction
EPG Exercise Planning Group
EPI Expanded Program on Immunization
EPR Extended Producer Responsibility
EPS Employment Permit System; Employment Placement System
ESS Emergency Special Session
ESTA Electronic Approval for Travel Authorization
ESTA Electronic System for Travel Authorization; Electronic System of Transportation Authorization
ETA Electronic Travel Authorization
ETRI Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute
ETS Educational Testing Service
EU European Union
EUNAVFOR European Union Naval Forces
EUSA EIGHTH U.S. ARMY
EW Electronic Warfare
EWGPP Elimination of Weapons-Grade Plutonium Production
EXBS Export Control and Related Border Security
EXIM Export-Import Bank of Korea
East Coast Donghae
FAA Foreign Assistance Act
FAO Food and Agriculture Organization
FATF Financial Action Task Force
FATU Foreign Affairs, Trade and Unification
FDI foreign direct investment
FEALAC Forum on East Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean
FEZ Free Economic Zone
FHCRC Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
FIEZ Free Industrial Economic Zone
FIIP Future Initiative for Integration & Prosperity
FIKMC Foundation for Inter-Korean Medical Cooperation
FIP Force Improvement Programs
FIU Financial Investigation Unit
FKF Federation of Korean Farmers
FKI Federation of Korean Industries
FKTU Federation of Korean Trade Unions
FMCT Fissile Material Cutoff Treaty
FMD Foot and Mouth Disease
FMS Foreign Military Sales
FNK Free North Korea Radio
FOB-K Field Operating Base-Korea
FOIA Freedom of Information Act
FOTA Future of the Alliance
FPU Fraud Prevention Unit
FRB Federal Reserve Board
FROKA First ROK Army
FSC Financial Supervisory Commission; Financial Services Commission
FSF Financial Stability Forum
FSIS Food Safety and Inspection Service
FSLN Sandinista Liberation Front
FSS Financial Supervisory Service
FSWI Federation of the Swiss Watch Industry
FTA Free Trade Agreement
FTA/RTA Free Trade Agreement/Regional Trade Agreement
FTC Fair Trade Commission
FTSE Financial Times Stock Exchange
FX foreign exchange
FreeNK Free NK Radio
G-20 Group of 20
GA General Assembly
GAA German Agro Action
GATT General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade
GAVI Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunization
GBD Government-Business Dialogue on Energy Cooperation in North-East Asia
GBI Ground-Based Interceptor
GBL gamma butyrolactone
GDP Gross Domestic Product
GEC Gender Equality Committee
GEM gender empowerment measure
GFATM Global Fund to Combat AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria
GGGI Global Green Growth Institute
GH Global Hawk
GI Global Initiative
GIA Government Information Agency
GICNT Global Initiative to Combat Nuclear Terrorism
GICO Global Initiative Coordinating Officer
GIS Geographic Information System
GM genetically-modified; General Motors
GMOs genetically modified organisms
GNEP Global Nuclear Energy Partnership
GNI gross national income
GNP Grand National Party
GO General Officer
GOI Government of Iran
GOT Government of Turkey
GPR Global Posture Review
GPs guard posts
GRS Global Resource Services
GS E & C GS Engineering and Construction
GSM Global System for Mobile Communications
GT Kim Geun-tae
GTX Great Train Express
GVN Government of Vietnam
GWh gigawatt hours
Gaeseong Kaesong
GenIV Generation IV Nuclear Forum
German measles rubella
GoA Government of Afghanistan
HA Hyundai Asan
HAC Hyundai Asan Corporation
HAE UAV High-Altitude, Long-Endurance Unmanned Aerial Vehicle
HALE UAV High Altitude Long Endurance Unmanned Aerial Vehicle
HAV hepatitis A virus
HBV Hepatitis B Virus
HBV3 Hepatitis B Vaccine-times 3
HBsAg+ HBV surface antigen positive
HCA Host Country Agreement
HCOC Hague Code of Conduct Against Ballistic Missile Proliferation
HCRI Household Credit Risk Index
HEU Highly Enriched Uranium
HEVs hybrid electric vehicles
HFO Heavy Fuel Oil
HHI Hyundai Heavy Industries
HRC Human Rights Council
HRF Human Rights Foundation
HSBC Hong Kong Shanghai Banking Corporation
HTACC Hardened Tactical Air Coordination Center
HTS home trading system
Hallyu Korean Wave
IAC International Advisory Committee
IAE Indonesian Aerospace
IAEA International Atomic Energy Agency
IAI Israeli Aircraft Industries
IBK Industrial Bank of Korea
IBRD International Bank for Reconstruction and Development
ICAO International Civil Aviation Organization
ICBM Intercontinental Ballistic Missile
ICC International Criminal Court
ICC’s International Compliance Companies
ICCAT International Convention for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas
ICE Immigration and Customs Enforcement
ICG International Crisis Group
ICI International Compact with Iraq
ICIS Immigration Control Information System
ICJ International Court of Justice
ICOP Illegal Copyright Obstruction Project
ICRW International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling
ICS International Chamber of Shipping
ICSC International Civil Service Commission
ICSN International Container Scanning Network
ICUs intensive care units
IDB Inter-American Development Bank
IDCs immigration detention centers
IDP internally displaced persons
IEA International Energy Agency
IED improvised explosive device
IEEPA International Emergency Economic Powers Act
IFANS Institute for Foreign Affairs and National Security
IFCS Intergovernmental Forum on Chemical Safety
IFES Institute of Far Eastern Studies
IFI’s international financial institutions
IFPI International Federation of the Phonographic Industry
IGP I International Group of P I Clubs
IHO International Hydrographic Organization
IHO International Hydrographic Organization
II Tubes Image Intensifying Tubes
IIPA International Intellectual Property Association
IISS International Institute for Strategic Studies
IKCF Inter-Korean Cooperation Fund
ILC International Law Commission
ILF International Love Foundation
ILI influenza-like illness
ILI index influenza-like illness index
ILO International Labor Organization
IMF International Monetary Fund
IMO International Maritime Organization
IMP initial master plan
INCB International Narcotics Control Board
INCSR International Narcotics Control Strategy Report
INGS International Nuclear Graduate School
INKSNA Iran, North Korea, and Syria Nonproliferation Act
INSS Institute for National Strategic Studies
INTERPOL International Criminal Police Organization
INTERTANKO International Association of Independent Tanker Owners
IOC Initial Operational Capability
IOM International Organization for Migration
IPC Initial Planning Conference
IPPC International Plant Protection Convention
IPR intellectual property rights
IPTV Internet Protocol Television
IPU International Parliamentary Union
IRENA International Renewable Energy Agency
IRI International Republican Institute
IRISL Islamic Republic of Iran Shipping Line
ISA Iran Sanctions Act
ISAF International Security Assistance Force
ISAF International Security Assistance Force
ISBC International Science & Business City
ISD Investor-State Dispute
ISG Iraq Study Group
ISIS Institute for Science and International Security
ISM Inter-sessional Meeting
ISP Internet Service Provider
ISR Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance
ISS Information Sharing System
IT information technology
ITER International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor
ITRC International Tuberculosis Research Center
ITSO International Telecommunications Satellite Organization
ITT intangible technology transfers
ITTA International Tropical Timber Agreement
IUU Illegal Unreported and Unregulated
IVI International Vaccine Institute
IVLP International Visitor Leadership Program
IgG immunoglobulin G
JAA Joint Administrative Area
JASSM Joint Air-to-Surface Standoff Missile
JBIC Japan Bank for International Cooperation
JC Joint Committee
JCG Japanese Coast Guard
JCS Joint Chief of Staff
JDAM Joint Direct Attack Munition
JDIP Joint Defense Improvement Projects
JE Japanese Encephalitis
JEAP Joint Environment Assessment Procedure; Joint Environmental Assessment Process
JEC Joint Economic Commission
JFC Joint Forces Command
JFHQ Joint Force Headquarters
JFIP Japan Facilities Improvement Program
JMS Joint Military Strategy
JMSA Japanese Maritime Security Agency
JP Kim Jong-pil
JSA Joint Security Area
JSCNEC Joint Standing Committee on Nuclear Energy Cooperation
JSG Joint Strategic Guidance
JTS Join Together Society
JUSMAG Joint U.S. Military Affairs Group
JUSMAG-K Joint U.S. Military Affairs Group-Korea
JVS Joint Vision Study
KAADA Korean Association Against Drug Abuse
KAAV Korean Amphibious Assault Vehicle
KACP Korean National Association of Christian Pastors
KAERI Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute
KAES Kyongju Aerospace Electrical Systems
KAFLA Korean Association of Foreign Language Associations
KAI Korea Aerospace Industries
KAIDA Korea Automobile Importers and Distributors Association
KAIF Korea Atomic Industrial Forum
KAIST Korean Advanced Institute of Science and Technology
KAL Korean Air Lines
KAPA Korean Athletic Promotion Association
KAPES Korean American Private Exchange Service; Korean American Private Exchange Society
KARI Korea Aerospace Research Institute
KASB Korean Accounting Standards Board
KAVA Korea Arms Verification Agency
KBA Korean Bar Association
KBC Korean Broadcasting Commission
KBCSD Korea Business Council for Sustainable Development
KCASA Korea Civil Aviation Safety Authority
KCC Korea Communications Commission
KCCI Korean Chamber of Commerce and Industry
KCDC Korea Center for Disease Control and Prevention
KCF Korea Christian Federation
KCG Korean Coast Guard
KCIA Korean Central Intelligence Agency
KCNA Korean Central News Agency
KCRC Korean Council of Reconciliation and Cooperation
KCS Korean Customs Service
KCSGC Kim Chaek Steel General Complex
KCTU Korean Confederation of Trade Unions
KCTV Korean Central TV
KCU Kim Chong-un
KDB Korea Development Bank
KDI Korea Development Institute
KDJ Kim Dae-Jung
KDX Korean Destroy Experimental
KEB Korea Exchange Bank
KEDO Korean Peninsula Energy Development Organization
KEEI Korea Energy Economics Institute
KEF Korean Employer Federation
KEI Korea Economic Institute
KEPCO Korean Electric Power Corporation
KEU Korean Employees Union
KEXIM Export-Import Bank of Korea
KFAED Kuwait Fund for Arab Economic Development
KFB Korea Federation of Banks
KFDA Korea Food and Drug Administration
KFEM Korean Federation of Environmental Movements
KFGE Korea Federation of Government Employees
KFSB Korea Federation of Small and Medium Business
KFTA Korean Federation of Teachers’ Associations
KFTC Korea Fair Trade Commission
KGEU Korean Government Employees Union
KHNP Korea Hydro and Nuclear Power Company
KHNPC Korean Hydro and Nuclear Power Corporation
KIB Korean Immigration Bureau
KIC Kaesong Industrial Complex
KICAC Korea Independent Commission Against Corruption
KICOS Korea Foundation for International Cooperation of Science and Technology
KICPA Korean Institute of Certified Public Accountants
KID Korean Identification
KIDA Korean Institute for Defense Analysis; Korean Institute for Defense Analyses
KIDMAC; KIDMC Kaesong Industrial District Management Committee
KIEP Korea Institute for International Economic Policy
KIER Korea Institute of Energy Research
KIET Korea Institute for Industrial Economics and Trade
KIF Korea Institute of Finance
KIHSA Korea Institute for Health and Social Affairs
KIIEP Korea Institute for International Economic Policy
KIKO Knock-in Knock-out
KINU Korea Institute for National Unification
KIPF Korea Institute for Public Finance
KIPO Korean Intellectual Property Office
KIS Korean Immigration Service
KIST Korea Institute of Science and Technology
KIT Korean Institute of Tuberculosis
KITA Korea International Trade Association
KJCCS Korea Joint Command and Control System
KJE Kim Jong-eun
KJI Kim Jong-il
KKBC Korea Kwangson Banking Corp
KKG Kim Kye-gwan
KLC Korea Land Corporation
KLEA Korea Labor Education Association
KLFIP Korean Labor Federation for Independence Promotion
KLI Korean Labor Institute
KLSI Korea Labor Society Institute
KMA Korean Military Academy; Korean Medical Association; Korea Meteorological Administration
KMTC Kabul Military Training Center
KMVTT Korean Medical and Vocational Training Team
KNCC National Council of Churches in Korea
KNCCK Korea NGO Council for Cooperation with North Korea
KNIC Korea National Insurance Corporation
KNIS Korean National Intelligence Service
KNOC Korea National Oil Corporation
KNP Korean National Police
KNPA National Police Agency
KNS Korea Nuclear Society
KNTA Korea National Tuberculosis Association
KOGAS Korea Gas Corporation
KOICA Korea International Cooperation Agency; Korean Overseas International Cooperation Agency
KOILAF Korea International Labor Foundation
KOIMA Korea Importers Association
KOLAND Korea Land Corporation
KOMID Korea Mining Development Trading Corporation
KOMPSAT Korea Multi-Purpose Satellite
KORCOM Korea Command unit
KORECO Korea Resources Recovery and Reutilization Corporation
KORES Korea Resources Corporation
KORUS Korea-U.S.
KORUS FTA U.S.-Korea Free Trade Agreement
KORUS-FTA Korea-U.S. Free Trade Agreeement
KOSEF Korea Science and Engineering Foundation
KOSPI Korea Composite Stock Price Index
KOSTI Korea Strategic Trade Institute
KOTRA Korea Trade and Investment Promotion Agency
KOVs Korean Overseas Volunteers
KPA Korean Peoples Army
KPMA Korea Pharmaceutical Manufacturers Association
KPW North Korean won
KR/FE Key Resolve/Foal Eagle
KRC Korea Research Center
KREI Korea Rural Economic Institute
KRF Koguryo Research Foundation
KRG Kurdish Regional Government
KRIBB Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology
KRIS Korea Research Institute for Strategy
KRPIA Korea Research-based Pharmaceutical Industry Association
KRX Korean Stock Exchange
KSLV Korea Space Launch Vehicle
KSM Korean Sharing Movement
KSNP Korean Standard Nuclear Power Plant
KSOI Korea Society Opinion Institute
KSPO Korean Supreme Prosecutors Office
KSTAR Korea Superconducting Tokamak Advanced Research
KTC Korean Tripartite Commission
KTU Korean Teachers and Education Workers Union
KULEV Korea’s Ultra-Low Emission Vehicle
KUVA Korea-U.S. Vision Association
KW Korean Won
KWAA Korean War Armistice Agreement
KWAFU Korean War Abductees Family Union
KWDI Korea Women’s Development Institute
KWF Korea Welfare Foundation
KWP Korean Workers Party
KWVA Korean War Veterans Association
KYG Kim Yang-gun
KYS Kim Young-sam
KoFIU Korea’s Financial Intelligence Unit
Korea’s Presidency Blue House
Korea’s Thanksgiving Chuseok
Korean Thanksgiving Chuseok
Korean Wave Hallyu
LANTIRN low-altitude navigation and targeting infrared for night
LDP Liberal Democratic Party
LED light-emitting diode
LFP Liberal Forward Party; Liberty Forward Party
LMB Lee Myung-bak
LNG liquefied natural gas
LOR Letter of Request
LOU Letter of Understanding
LPG Liquefied Petroleum Gas
LPI Liquefied Petroleum Injected
LPP Land Partnership Plan)
LRC Labor Relations Commissions
LRIT Long Range Identification and Tracking
LS Lone Star Funds
LTV loan-to-value
LWR Light Water Reactor
Liancourt Rocks Dokdo
M&A mergers and acquisition
MAC Military Armistice Commission
MAF Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry
MB Lee Myung-bak
MCF Manufacturing Construction Factory
MCM Military Committee Meeting
MCM/SCM Military and Security Consultative Meetings
MCP Main Command Post
MCST Ministry of Culture Sports and Tourism
MD Missile Defense
MDA Missile Defense Agency
MDL Military Demarcation Line
MDP Millennium Democratic Party
MDR multi-drug resistant; multiple drug-resistant
MDR-TB Multi-Drug Resistant TB
MEF Major Economies Forum on Energy and Climate
MEM Major Economies’ Meeting
MEST Ministry of Education, Science and Technology; Ministry of Knowledge Economy
MFA Ministry of Foreign Affairs
MGD Model Guidelines Document
MGE Minister for Gender Equality
MHW Ministry of Health and Welfare
MHWFA Ministry of Health, Welfare, and Family Affairs
MIC Ministry of Information and Communications
MIFAFF Ministry of Food, Agriculture, Forestry and Fish
MKE Ministry of Knowledge Economy
MLAT Mutual Legal Assistance Treaties
MLRS Multiple Launch Rocket Systems
MLTM Ministry of Land, Transportation and Maritime
MMT million metric ton
MND Ministry of National Defense
MOCIE Ministry for Commerce, Industry and Energy
MOCT Ministry of Culture and Tourism
MOE Ministry of Environment
MOFA Ministry of Foreign Affairs
MOFAT Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade
MOFE Ministry of Finance and Economy
MOGE Ministry of Gender Equality
MOGEF Ministry of Gender Equality and Family
MOHW Ministry of Health and Welfare
MOJ Ministry of Justice
MOL Ministry of Labor
MOMAF Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries
MOPH Ministry of Public Health
MOSF Ministry of Strategy and Finance
MOST Ministry of Science and Technology
MOSU Memorandum of Special Understandings
MOU Ministry of Unification
MP Master Plan
MPA Motion Picture Association
MPS megabits per second
MPVA Ministry of Patriots and Veterans Affairs
MRAP Mine Resistant Ambush Protected
MRL multiple rocket launcher
MTCR Missile Technology Control Regime
MTEF Medium-Term Expenditure Framework
MUD Moderate Unified Demorcatic Party
MURO MND-USFK Relocation Office
MVP most valuable player
MYF Merry Year Foundation
MajGen Major General
MgO Fused Magnesium
Minbyun Lawyers for a Democratic Society
NA; N.A. National Assembly
NABO National Assembly Budget Office
NACF National Agricultural Cooperative Federation
NAD North America Division
NAFTA North American Free Trade Agreement
NAI New Asia Initiative
NAM Non-Aligned Movement
NAP National Action Plan
NAS National Academy of Science
NASA National Aeronautic and Space Administration
NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organization
NAWPC Northeast Asia Women’s Peace Conference
NBR National Bureau of Asian Research
NCAFP National Committee on American Foreign Policy
NCCK National Council of Churches in Korea
NCNP National Congress for New Politics
NCO non-commissioned officer
NDC National Defense Commission
NDI National Democratic Institute
NDN Northern Distribution Network
NDU National Defense University
NEACD Northeast Asia Cooperation Dialogue
NEAPSM Northeast Asia Peace and Security Mechanism
NEC new embassy compound; National Election Commission
NED National Endowment for Democracy
NEO Noncombatant Evacuation Operation
NFEMA National Fire and Emergency Management Agency
NFRC National Fusion Research Center
NFRDI National Fisheries Research and Development Institute
NGIS Northrop Grumann Information System
NGO nongovernmental organization
NGV natural gas vehicle
NHI National Health Insurance
NHK Nike Hercules
NHRC National Human Rights Commission
NHRCK National Human Rights Commission of Korea
NIAID National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases
NIC National Intelligence Council
NICs newly industrialized country
NIH National Institutes of Health
NIM net interest margin
NIS National Intelligence Service
NK Freedom Campaign for North Korean Freedom
NKDB Database Center for North Korean Human Rights
NKDB Database Center for North Korean Human Rights
NKIS North Korean Intellectuals Solidarity
NKW North Korean Won
NLD National League for Democracy
NLL Northern Limit Line
NLRC National Labor Relations Commission
NMG New Missile Guidelines
NMS Night Monocular Scope
NNSC Neutral Nations Supervisory Commission
NNTC Non-NATO Troop Contributor
NPA National Police Agency
NPCGF North Pacific Coast Guard Forum
NPCRI New Party for Centrist Reform and Integration
NPP New Progressive Party
NPPs Nuclear Power Plants
NPS National Pension System
NPSC Non-Personnel Stationing Costs
NPT Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty
NRF National Research Foundation of Korea
NRU New Rights Union
NSA National Security Advisor
NSC National Security Council
NSG Nuclear Suppliers Group
NSL National Security Law
NSO National Statistical Office
NSSS nuclear steam supply system
NTBs non-tariff barriers
NTE Foreign Trade Barriers
NTP National Tuberculosis Program
NTS National Tax Service
NVRQS National Veterinary Research & Quarantine Service
Nb3Sn niobium-three-tin
Nodong Rodong
Notification Convention Convention on Early Notification of a Nuclear Accident
O&M Operations and Maintenance
OAS Organization of American States
OCIMF Oil Companies International Marine Forum
OCP Operational Command Post
OCP-K Operational Command Post-Korea
ODA Overseas Development Assistance
OECD Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development
OEG Operational Experts Group
OER Overseas Emergency Relief
OFAC Office of Foreign Assets Control
OHDACA Overseas Humanitarian, Disaster, and Civic Aid
OIC Organization of the Islamic Conference
OIE Organization for Animal Health
OLED Organic Light-Emitting Diode
ONUB UN Operations in Burundi
OPCON Operational Control
OPCW Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons
OPLAN; OpPlan Operational Plan
OPV oral trivalent poliomyelitis vaccine
OPZ Outward Processing Zones
OSCE Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe
OSP online service provider
OTH Orascom Telecom Holding
OpenRadio Open Radio for North Korea
P2P peer-to-peer
PAA Paektusan Academy of Architecture
PAMAMCD People’s Association for Measures Against Mad Cow Disease
PAROS Prevention of Arms Race in Outer Space
PC principals committee
PCB polychlorinated biphenyl
PCGG Presidential Committee on Green Growth
PCNC President’s Council on National Competitiveness
PCP People-Centered Party
PDE Planning, Decision, Execution
PDMC Program Mediation and Deliberation Council
PDS Public Distribution System
PER Price-Earnings Ratio
PFP People First Party
PGGC Presidential Green Growth Committee
PIC Provincial Iraqi Control
PIINTEC Pyongyang International Information Center for New Technology and Economy
PKO Peace Keeping Operations
PKX-A Patrol Killer Experimental
PLA Peoples Liberation Army
PM Bureau of Political-Military Affairs
PMC Program Management Consortium; Project Management Consortium
PME Professional Military Education
PMO Program Management Office; Project Management Organization
PMS post-marketing surveillance; Process Safety Management System
POC point of contact; processing-on-commission
POE port of entry
POPs Persistent Organic Pollutants
POSCO Pohang Steel Company
POW Program of Work
POWs prisoners of war
PPA Pro-Park Alliance
PR proportional representation
PRC People’s Republic of China
PRRO Protracted Relief and Recovery Operations
PRT Provincial Reconstruction Team
PSA People’s Safety Agency
PSB Public Security Bureau
PSCORE People for Successful Corean Reunification
PSI Proliferation Security Initiative)
PSPD People’s Solidarity for Participatory Democracy
PTSD Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
PUST Pyongyang University of Science and Technology
PWR pressurized light water reactor
Postech Pohang University of Science and Technology
PrepCom Preparatory Committee
QDR Quadrennial Defense Report
QSA Quality Systems Assessment
QTM Quarterly Trade Meeting
R&D research and development
R&S reconstruction and stabilization
RDA Rural Development Administration
RFA Radio Free Asia
RFC Radio Free Chosun
RFE Russian Far East
RFID radio frequency identification device
RFP request for proposals
RFQ Request for Qualifications
RIMPAC Rim of the Pacific Exercises
RKP Renewal of Korea Party
ROK Republic of Korea
ROKA ROK Army
ROKAF ROK Air Force
ROKFC Republic of Korea Funded Construction
ROKG Republic of Korea Government
ROKP Renewal of Korea Party
RPS renewable portfolio standards
RRB Regulatory Reform Bureau
RRT Regional Reconstruction Team
RRW Reliable Replacement Warhead
RSF Reporters without Borders
RTSA Road Traffic Safety Authority
ReCAAP Regional Cooperation Agreement on Combating Piracy and Armed Robbery against Ships in Asia
RevCon Review Conference
S&ED Strategic and Economic Dialogue
SAHS Seoul American High School
SAIC Shanghai Automotive Industry Corporation
SAICM Strategic Approach to International Chemicals Management
SAR Search and Rescue
SAREX search and rescue exercise
SARS Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome
SB Subsidiary Body
SCAP Security Consultation for an Allied Partnership
SCDPO Seoul Central District Prosecutor’s Office
SCM Security Consultative Meeting
SCO Shanghai Cooperation Organization
SCUFN Subcommittee on Undersea Features Names
SDC Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation
SDCF Security and Defense Cooperation Forum
SDR Standard Drawing Rights
SECA Strategic Economic Complementation Agreement
SECDEF Secretary of Defense
SENK Special Envoy for North Korean Human Rights
SEPQ Security Environment Profile Questionnaire
SERI Samsung Economic Research Institute
SES Social Education Service
SEVIS Student and Exchange Visitor Information System
SEZ Special Economic Zone
SFI Secure Freight Initiative
SG Superintendent General
SGIC Seoul Guaranty Insurance Corporation
SGS Strategic Guidance Statement
SHAPE Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe
SHIG Shahid Hemmat Industrial Group
SHRDC Seoul Human Resources Development Center
SIDS Screening Information Data Set
SIT Standing Inspection Team
SJC Special Joint Committee
SM-3 Standard Missile-3
SMA Special Measures (burden-sharing) Agreement
SMART system-integrated modular advanced reactor
SME Small and Medium-sized Enterprise
SMG Seoul Metropolitan Government; Seoul Municipal Government
SMMA Strategic Material Management Agency
SMPA Seoul Metropolitan Police Agency
SNU Seoul National University
SOC Senior Officials Committee on Energy Cooperation in North-East Asia; Social Overhead Capital
SOFA Status of Forces Agreement
SOM Senior Officials’ Meeting
SOP Statement of Principles
SPA Supreme People’s Assembly
SPI Security Policy Initiative
SPO Supreme Prosecutor’s Office
SRAP Special Representative for Afghanistan and Pakistan
SRM Specified Risk Material
SSRC Scientific Studies Research Center
START Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty
STC Science and Technology Commission
STD sexually-transmitted disease
STH Soil Transmitted Helminth
STIC Strategic Trade Information Center
STOP! Strategy Targeting Organized Piracy
STP Strategic Implementation Plan
SUA Suppression of Unlawful Acts Against the Safety of Maritime Navigation
SUA Convention Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Against the Safety of Maritime Navigation
SVTS secure video teleconference
SWG Senior Working Group
Sea of Japan East Sea
SrCOL Senior Colonel
TAC Treaty of Amity and Cooperation in Southeast Asia
TB tuberculosis
TC Transportation Corridor
TCG Tripartite Core Group
TCOG Trilateral Coordination Group
TD-2 Taepo-Dong-2
TDO Temporary Denial Order
TEM Technical Experts Meeting
TFCO Terrorism Finance Coordination Officer
TFFC Office of Terrorist Financing and Financial Crimes
TFG Transitional Federal Government
TFR total fertility rate
TGH Triangle Generation Humanitaire
TIG Trade in Goods
TIP Trafficking in Persons
TJD Thomas J. Davis, Inc.
TKR Trans Korean Railroad
TMS telemonitoring system
TOE tons of oil equivalent
TOR Terms of Reference
TPA Trade Promotion Authority
TPC Tripartite Commission
TPCC Trade Promotion Coordinating Committee
TPM technological protection measure
TPR Trade Policy Review
TRADP Tumen River Area Development Program
TRC Truth and Reconciliation Commission
TRI Toxic Release Inventory
TRQ Tariff Rate Quota
TULRAA Trade Unions and Labor Relations Adjustment Act
TWEA Trading with the Enemies Act
TWG Trilateral Working Group
Taepodong-2 Daepodong-II
Together Again Center Dasi-Hamkke Center
Tumen Duman
Tyre Sur
U.S. beef ribs L.A. galbi
UAE United Arab Emirates
UAV Unmanned Aerial Vehicle
UAW United Auto Workers
UCC user created content
UDP United Democratic Party
UDP United Democratic Party
UEP uranium enrichment program
UFG Ulchi Freedom Guardian
UFL Ulchi Focus Lens
UGSS Unified Gas Supply System
UIH UI Helicopter
ULD United Liberal Democrats
UN United Nations
UN PKO UN-sanctioned peacekeeping operations
UN TIP Protocol UN Protocol on Trafficking in Persons
UNAIDS United Nation AIDS Agency
UNC United Nations Command
UNCCCO United Nations Command Corridor Control Officer
UNCMAC United Nations Command Military Armistice Commission
UNCTAD U.N. Conference on Trade and Development
UNDP United New Democratic Party; United Nations Development Program
UNEP United Nations Environmental Program
UNESCAP UN Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific
UNFCCC United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
UNFPA United Nations Population Fund
UNHCR United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
UNICEF UN Children’s International Child Emergency Fund
UNIFIL UN Interim Force in Lebanon)
UNMAC United Nations Command Military Armistice Commission
UNMIL UN Mission in Liberia
UNMIS UN Mission in Sudan
UNODC United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime
UNOMIG UN Observer Mission in Georgia
UNOSOM II UN Operations in Somalia II
UNPOS United Nations Political Office for Somalia
UNSC UN Security Council
UNSCR United Nations Security Council Resolution
UNSG UN Secretary General
UPR Universal Periodic Review
USAF U.S. Air Force
USAG U.S. Army Garrison
USCC U.S. Chamber of Commerce
USCHRNK U.S. Committee on Human Rights in North Korea
USDOJ U.S. Department of Justice
USFK U.S. Forces Korea
USFK U.S. Forces in Korea
USG U.S. Government
USGS U.S. Geological Survey
USKBC U.S.-Korea Business Council
USMEF U.S. Meat Export Federation
USOM U.S. Operations Mission
USTR U.S. Trade Representative
VAT value-added tax
VCI Verification, Compliance, and Implementation
VDR Voluntary Demonstration of Response
VJ video jockey
VLBI Very Long Baseline Interferometry
VMD Virtual Merchandising
VOA Voice of America
VWP Visa Waiver Program
WA Wassenaar Arrangement
WCT WIPO Copyright Treaty
WEF World Economic Forum
WEST Work English Study Travel
WFP World Food Program
WG-EPP Working Group on Energy Planning and Cooperation
WHO World Health Organization
WIPO World Intellectual Property Organization
WMD Weapons of Mass Destruction
WMO World Meteorological Organization
WPK Workers’ Party of Korea
WPPT WIPO Performances and Phonograms Treaty
WRSA-K War Reserves Stockpile for Allies – Korea
WTO World Trade Organization
Wonsu Marshal
World Heritage Convention Convention for the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage
XDR-TB Extensively Drug Resistant TB
YDI Yeouido Institute
YRP Yongsan Relocation Plan
YS Kim Young-sam
YUST Yanbian University of Science and Technology
Yalu Aprok
Yellow Sea West Sea
ZC Zangger Committee